Define positive and negative reinforcement, and provide an example of each. Define positive and negative punishment, and provide an example of each.

The Discussion Board (DB) is part of the core of online learning. Classroom discussion in an online environment requires the active participation of students and the instructor to create robust interaction and dialogue. Every student is expected to create an original response to the open-ended DB question as well as engage in dialogue by responding to posts created by others throughout the week. At the end of each unit, DB participation will be assessed based on both level of engagement and the quality of the contribution to the discussion.

At a minimum, each student will be expected to post an original and thoughtful response to the DB question and contribute to the weekly dialogue by responding to at least two other posts from students. The first contribution must be posted before midnight (Central Time) on Wednesday of each week. Two additional responses are required after Wednesday of each week. Students are highly encouraged to engage on the Discussion Board early and often, as that is the primary way the university tracks class attendance and participation.

The purpose of the Discussion Board is to allow students to learn through sharing ideas and experiences as they relate to course content and the DB question. Because it is not possible to engage in two-way dialogue after a conversation has ended, no posts to the DB will be accepted after the end of each unit.

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Anatomy of the Required Discussion Board Assignment

Required Discussion Board posts are in 2 parts within 1 posting. In the first part of your post, define and discuss the topic in academic terms, using citations and referencing, just as you will for any formal academic paper. This is where you demonstrate that you know the concepts. The second part of the required assignment is for application of the concepts. This is where you demonstrate that you know how to use the concepts you have learned.

 

A. Questions for weekly discussions and conversations (not part of the required Discussion Board assignment)

These questions can serve as the starting point for your discussions during the week. They are “thought starters,” so that you can explore some ideas associated with the Discussion Board and unit topics. Answers are not required and should not be submitted with your required assignment. Answers are not graded.

  • Which do you think is more effective: reinforcement or punishment?
  • What do you think are the strongest motivators for most people?

B. Required Discussion Board assignment

The use of reward and punishment is an everyday human behavior. Research in psychology has looked extensively at different types of reinforcement and punishment as outlined in your textbook.

Part One

  • Define positive and negative reinforcement, and provide an example of each.
  • Define positive and negative punishment, and provide an example of each.

Part Two

Pick 2 of these questions, and provide further discussion on them:

  • Based on your experiences, how would you deal with a defiant child?
  • Which do you think is more effective for the child: reinforcement or punishment?
  • What are the limitations of operant conditioning (reward and punishment)?

In your own words, please post a response to the Discussion Board and comment on other postings. You will be graded on the quality of your postings. Be sure to cite all references in APA format.

 

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