Nutrition Handout & Priority Handout ( Multiple Choice )

Nutrition Handout

Please answer all questions in your own words. No citations are needed for this assignment as the answers are located in your textbook. Please ensure your answers are brief so they will fit inside each box.

1. Please complete the following table.

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Nutrient Function and deficiency Sources
Carbohydrates
Fiber
Proteins
Fats
Fat-soluble vitaminsA,D,E, K
Water-soluble vitaminsB and C complex

2. Identify the diagnostic criteria for the following eating disorders:

Anorexia nervosa
Bulimia nervosa

3. What is an enteral feeding?

4. What are three benefits of enteral feedings?
1
2
3
5. Identify five complications of enteral tube feedings and a possible cause for each
1
2
3
4
5

6. What is parenteral feeding?

7. What are three benefits of parenteral feedings?
1
2
3
8. Identify five complications of parenteral tube feedings and a symptom of each complication
1
2
3
4
5

9. Please complete the table below

Condition Description Nutritional interventions
Helicobacter pylori
Malabsorption syndromes
Diverticulitis
Diabetes mellitus
Inflammatory bowel disease

10. What is dysphagia?

11. Please list the four levels of the dysphagia diet
1
2
3
4
12. List the five components of a nutritional assessment and briefly explain each
1
2
3
4
5

13. Please complete the table below

Assessment area One sign of poor nutrition
Posture
Gums
Tongue
Teeth
Legs, feet
Nails
Hair
Weight
Gastrointestinal function
Muscles

14. Identify three factors that contribute to childhood obesity. Use table below.

1
2
3

15. Identify three factors that influence an adolescent’s diet.

1
2
3

16. Identify three factors that influence the nutritional status of the older adult.

1
2
3

17. Give one nursing diagnosis for a patient with altered nutritional status.

18. Give two goals for a client with nutritional problems.

19. What is aspiration? List two aspiration precautions you should utilize for patients at risk.

20. Explain the goal of transition from parenteral nutrition to enteral nutrition.

21. Explain the goal of transition from parenteral nutrition to oral feeding.

22. Describe lipid emulsions and how it benefits patients with altered nutritional status.

23. What is medical nutrition therapy?

24. Which nutrition is the body’s most preferred energy source?

A. Carbohydrate

B. Fat

C. Protein

D. Vitamin

25. Mrs. Nelson is talking with the nurse about the dietary needs of her 22-month-old son. Which of the following responses by the nurse would be appropriate?

A. Your son needs fewer calories in relation to her body weight now than she did as an infant.

B. Your son needs less protein in his diet now because he is not growing as fast.

C. Your son should be drinking at least one quart of milk per day.

D. Use skim milk to cut down on the fat in your son’s diet.

26. All of the following clients are at risk for alteration in nutrition except:

A. Client A, who has been allowed nothing by mouth (NPO) for seven days following bowel surgery and is receiving 3000ml of 10% dextrose per day.

B. Client B, a 17-year-old girl who weighs 90 pounds and frequently complains about her baby fat.

C. Client C, who is 86 years old, lives alone, and has poorly fitting dentures.

D. Client D, whose weight is 10% above his ideal body weight.

27. Which of the following is the most accurate method of bedside confirmation of placement of a small-bore nasogastric tube?

A. Assess the client’s ability to speak.

B. Test the pH of withdrawn gastric contents.

C. Auscultate the epigastrium for gurgling or bubbling.

D. Assess the length of the tube that is outside the client’s nose.

 

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